top of page

KA Group

Public·12 members

Pet Simulator X Script GUI - Auto Farm, Dupe!

A very-front-end electronics has been developed to fulfil requirements for the next generation of electromagnetic calorimeters. The compactness of this kind of detector and its large number of channels (up to several millions) impose a drastic limitation of the power consumption and a high level of integration. The electronic channel proposed is first of all composed of a low-noise Charge Sensitive Amplifier (CSA) able to amplify the charge delivered by a silicon diode up to 10 pC. Next, a two-gain shaping, based on a Gated Integration (G.I.), is implemented to cover the 15 bits dynamic range required: a high gainmore shaper processes signals from 4 fC (charge corresponding to the MIP) up to 1 pC, and a low gain filter handles charges up to 10 pC. The G.I. performs also the analog memorization of the signal until it is digitalized. Hence, the analog-to-digital conversion is carried out through a low-power 12-bit cyclic ADC. If the signal overloads the high-gain channel dynamic range, a comparator selects the low-gain channel instead. Moreover, an auto-trigger channel has been implemented in order to select and store a valid event over the noise. The timing sequence of the channel is managed by a digital IP. It controls the G.I. switches, generates all needed clocks, drives the ADC and delivers the final result over 12 bits. The whole readout channel is power controlled, which permits to reduce the consumption according to the duty cycle of the beam collider. Simulations have been performed with Spectre simulator on the prototype chip designed with the 0.35 mum CMOS technology from Austriamicrosystems. Results show a non-linearity better than 0.1% for the high-gain channel, and a non-linearity limited to 1% for the low-gain channel. The Equivalent Noise Charge referred to the input of the channel is evaluated to 0.4 fC complying with the MIP/10 limit. With the timing sequence of the International Linear Collider, which presents a duty cycle of 1%, the power

Pet Simulator X Script GUI - Auto Farm, Dupe!

The objective of this study was to develop a 3D bone chip organ culture model. We aimed to collect in vitro evidence of the ability of vital bone chips to promote new bone formation. We developed a 3D in vitro hypoxic bone chip organ culture model. Histology of the bone chips was performed before and after culture and immunohistochemistry after 3-week culture. The 3D culture supernatants were tested for the presence of pro-angiogenic growth factors, TGFβ1, GADPH, bone alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin, osteonectin, osteopontin, bone sialoprotein and collagen type I. Histology after culture revealed bone chips in a matrix of fibrin remnants and a fibrous-appearing matter. Collagen type I- and IV-positive structures were also identified. Cells could be seen on the surface of the bone chips, with spindle-shaped cells bridging the bone chip particles. Pro-angiogenic growth factors and TGFβ1were detected in the 3D cell culture supernatants. The transcripts for osteocalcin, bone sialoprotein and collagen type I were revealed only via PCR. Our results indicate that bone chips in our 3D organ culture remain vital and may stimulate the growth of a bone-forming matrix. The use of autogenous bone chips for oral and maxillofacial bone augmentation procedures is widespread in clinical practice. The rationale for this is that if bone chips remain vital in vivo, they could provide an environment promoting new bone formation through growth factors and cells. This 3D culture method is an essential tool for investigating the behaviour of bone chips. 041b061a72


Welcome to the group! You can connect with other members, ge...
bottom of page